High and Low Blood Pressure
High and low blood pressure symptoms and treatment
Blood pressure is a concern for many people, for many different reasons. Some suffer from low blood pressure, and others suffer from high blood pressure. The two conditions have different symptoms and causes. Low blood pressure typically stems from external conditions, such as dehydration, nausea and vomiting, blood loss or heart disease. High blood pressure, on the other hand, is often caused by lifestyle issues, such as obesity, stress, age and diet. The specific treatment for either of these conditions is determined by the root cause and diagnosis.
Blood Pressure Symptoms
Symptoms will vary depending on the type of blood pressure issue you have:
- High blood pressure symptoms. High blood pressure typically produces no symptoms and is only discovered through blood pressure readings. Symptoms that may present include headache, blurred vision, nausea and dizziness.
- Low blood pressure symptoms. Symptoms of low blood pressure are much easier to define than those of high blood pressure. They include dizziness and fainting, nausea, shortness of breath and clamminess. (Note: If these symptoms are accompanied by numbness in the body, contact your doctor immediately as you could be suffering from a stroke.)
Because blood pressure symptoms are so easy to overlook, it's important to get tested frequently to see if you are within normal blood pressure ranges on the blood pressure chart. If you have high or low blood pressure chart metrics, your doctor will recommend treatment.
Blood Pressure Treatment
Like the symptoms, blood pressure treatment will depend on whether you suffer from high or low blood pressure. Low blood pressure doesn't necessarily need treatment, so long as there are no symptoms of organ damage. Typically, doctors will seek to find and cure the cause of the low blood pressure. A doctor may also prescribe a medication from the low blood pressure drug list, such as aldosterone, insulin or noradrenaline.
In cases of high blood pressure, treatment may include lifestyle changes or medication. Eating certain types of food to lower high blood pressure is a common treatment option, along with exercise. If medication is necessary, the high blood pressure drug list includes chlorthalidone, indapamide, metolazone and many others.