Types of STIs

Sexually Transmitted Infections

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), also called sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), are germs passed from an infected person to another person during sexual activity. This activity includes vaginal, anal, and oral sex and mutual genital touching. There are more than 20 types of STDs.

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Genital Herpes

This infection caused by HSV, a herpes simplex virus, can cause sores on your thighs, genital or rectal area, and buttocks. Those sores blister, become itchy and painful, and then heal. Because there are no symptoms, or the symptoms are very mild, some people do not realize they are infected. The virus can spread whether the sores are present or not.

There is no known cure for genital herpes. However, there are medicines available to help your body resist the virus by lessening the symptoms and decreasing the number of outbreaks.

Chlamydia

This STI is caused by bacteria and usually does not cause symptoms. Transmission is during oral, anal, or vaginal sex with an infected partner. Sometimes you might notice a burning feeling during urination or abnormal discharge from your vagina or penis. Antibiotics are used to cure the infection.

Syphilis

Syphilis is caused by bacteria and infects the genital area, mouth, lips, or anus of men and women. It can also pass from the infected mother to her baby during pregnancy. It is easy to cure with antibiotics if treatment begins early. The sores of syphilis make it easier to get or give someone HIV during sex.

Gonorrhea

This infection is most common in young adults. Gonorrhea does not always cause symptoms. In men, it can cause a discharge from the penis, and pain when urinating. In women, early symptoms are mild, then become more pronounced – bleeding between periods, pain during urination, and increased discharge from the vagina. Treatment is with antibiotics.

Sexual Health

There are things that you can do to take care of your sexual health including:

Research is exploring new ways to prevent, diagnose, and treat sexually transmitted infections.

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