Why are Hearing and Vision Loss Common in Seniors?

Common Causes of Hearing or Vision Impairment in Seniors

Senior health can become a very big and confusing challenge. For many people, as their age increases, it is common knowledge that their abilities to do simply daily tasks start to decrease. Degeneration is a very natural process of aging, with hearing and vision loss being the most common among seniors.

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Many people believe that hearing loss is caused by some sort of disease, when in fact, it is mostly not that complicated. One of the common causes of hearing impairment is due to a buildup of ear wax. As you get older, ear wax gets stickier and denser and generally becomes problematic to remove. Because of this, your hearing becomes muffled and difficult. If the buildup of wax becomes excessive, it is best to see your doctor so it could be easily taken care of.

Another common cause of hearing loss would be from prolonged and excessive exposure to loud noises, either from TVs, radios, or through use of headphones. Loud noises can cause severe changes or damage to the hair cells within the ear canal.

Sometimes, but rarely, the causes are from medications, bacterial infections, heredity, and high blood pressure.


Every year, more and more people are becoming visually impaired. Although, among the 65 and up age group, it is a leading health concern. Many seniors find is difficult to see small print or objects close to them, which can be categorized as Presbyopia. Presbyopia is the loss of the eye's ability to change focus when things are nearby. This is a very natural occurrence among the elderly and should not cause alarm, although, can be corrected with glasses.

Another common cause is cataracts. Cataracts are a progressive cloudiness that forms on the internal lens of the eye. Nearly half of all seniors have cataracts. They usually start off slowly and build up without causing any sort of pain. Cataracts are mostly caused by aging, but can sometimes form as a result of injury, infection, certain medical conditions, medication, and UV light from the sun.

Other more serious causes of vision loss are corneal diseases, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, and macular degeneration, all of which can be treated either from medication or surgery.

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